Here are some short answers to some of the e-mail inquiries Shadow-Wood Sams has received from people who own or are interesting in owning a Samoyed.
More information on most of these items is available at several other sites, inlcuding our own ‘LINKS’ page, and hopefully this will provide some help.
So, here, from Patti’s e-mail replies, are answers to our frequently asked quesitons about…
. . .THE BREED
- I think I want one…
- Right breed?
- With children
- Getting along with other animals
- As a guard dog
- Leaving them when I’m not home
- Fenced yard
- Run of my yard
- Living in an apartment
. . . OBTAINING A SAM
- Finding a good pup
- Getting a show quality pup as a pet
- Why buy from a show breeder
- A Christmas puppy
- Why show-dog people are so ‘fussy’
- Puppy prices
- The age to take a pup home
. . . BREEDING A SAM
- Breeding my own dog
- Using my male as a stud dog
- Using my female as a brood bitch
- Stud fees
- Buying a breeding-age bitch
. . . HEALTH/BEHAVIOR
- Hire someone else to train
I HAVE A MALE/FEMALE PURE-BRED SAMOYED. HOW CAN I FIND SOMEONE TO BREED HIM/HER TO?
Your best bet is to find your local Samoyed club and attend its matches and shows so that people can get to know you and your dog/bitch. Having a successful show dog is the best and quickest route to generating interest in off spring of your dog. Your dog will be expected to meet some important criteria to be of interest to another breeder.Here is a brief list of what those of us in dogs consider the bare minimum qualifications for breeding a dog:
- Dog/bitch has the correct physical and temperamental characteristics of the breed
- Dog has no disqualifying (see AKC breed standard) or serious physical or mental faults
- Dog has been X-rayed and cleared by the Orthopedic Foundation of America or Penn-Hip (University of Pennsylvania vet school) of any sign of hip dysplasia
- Dog’s eyes have been examined by a veterinary opthomologist and certified clear of inheritable conditions.
I HAVE A MALE. WILL PEOPLE WANT TO USE HIM AS A STUD DOG?
If the dog meets all the above criteria, you probably have a dog suitable for breeding. This still does not mean that the public is going to beat a path to your door. If you own a male dog that has never been shown and has not completed a conformation championship or earned some other working-related honors (obedience championship, sled dog race winner, etc) it is not likely that prospective breeders are going to seek you out.
If you know your dog’s breeder, that is the first person to consult. If he or she is involved with showing or performance events, he will be able to tell you if the dog is one that people are likely to want to breed to and can probably help find someone. If you got your dog from a pet shop or from a ‘backyard breeder’ this assistance will not be available to you and it is unlikely that anyone seriously into Samoyeds will be interested in your dog.
It is, alas, the male dog’s role to wait for the owners of bitches to seek him out. That is why so many male dogs are shown to their championships – so that breeders will see them and hopefully, want to breed to them.
I HAVE A FEMALE. WHAT ABOUT USING HER AS A BROOD BITCH?
In the case of a bitch, you can seek out a stud dog using your bitch’s breeder if possible, or a show catalog, or the internet. Your bitch will have to meet all of the above criteria as well as have a bucellosis test before breeding. Some stud dog owners may require additional tests as well.
Responsible stud dog owners will question you carefully as to your reasons for wanting to breed your bitch and what you plan to do with the puppies. You can probably find someone with an available stud dog among members of your local Sam club provided your bitch meets breeding criteria. Things prospective stud dog owners will want to know about your bitch are:
Her pedigree (if you know her breeder, that is the first place to start for stud dog suggestions)
Why you want to breed her
What you plan to do with the puppies, etc.
In addition, they will want you to have had a hip clearance from the Orthopedic Foundation of America, and at least one clear eye exam done by a board certified veterinary opthomologist. Some stud dog owners may require additional tests or clearances for other things.
Most of us will want to see the bitch in person before saying definitely ‘yes’ or ‘no’ to assess her physical qualities as they match up to the Samoyed standard. The Samoyed Club of America has available a booklet called ‘Breeding Your Samoyed’ that you might want to get to help you with the process.
I also highly recommend you find a ‘mentor’ or an experienced breeder to help you with the process.
WHAT CAN I EXPECT TO PAY FOR A STUD FEE?
Generally the stud fee is the price of a pet or show puppy. It varies a great deal from dog to dog and breeder to breeder. A young dog that is not a champion yet, or has not achieved recognition in some other field (agility, herding, sled racing, etc.) would be much less than a proven sire of top quality show dogs (or sledding dogs, or whatever).
Where we live, in the Washington DC area, you can assume you will pay about $600 and up for a stud fee.
I WANT TO BUY AN ADULT BITCH TO SET UP A BREEDING OPERATION. WHAT DO I NEED TO DO?
Assuming anyone would sell you one without knowing a great deal more about you, you would be paying a lot of money for a breeding quality adult bitch.
I have to admit, a request like this makes me very nervous. If you are not looking for a pet, and you don’t mention showing or any other kind of activity, I have to assume you are just planning to crank out puppies for some reason. Very few breeders will be willing to sell you a breeding bitch with being in a position to control where, when, how often and to what dogs she is bred.
WHY ARE YOU DOG SHOW PEOPLE SO FUSSY?
Most of us have spent many years developing our line of dogs, breeding for specific characteristics that we feel will be good for the breed and that will meet the written standard for what a Sam ought to be. We do not want to see that hard work go down the tubes by breeding to dogs that do not meet the rigorous standards that we have set for our own breeding stock. Nor do we want to be responsible for generating puppies that will not be carefully placed in good homes and cared for their entire lives. No one wants to find that a dog which has been rescued from the pound is a direct descendent of our breeding stock. This reflects very poorly on a breeder.
I WANT A DOG FOR A PET, BUT I WANT A SHOW QUALITY DOG. WHY AM I HAVING SUCH A HARD TIME GETTING WHAT I WANT?
As you see in the above answer about ‘fussy show dog people’, breeders put a lot of thought, time and money into producing the best dogs that they can. If their best dogs spend their lives on someone’s couch rather than being shown to a championship, it is hard to find show homes for future puppies. It is important that our show quality puppies go to people who will get them out to the show ring where other breeders can see the quality of our dogs.
A breeder who will sell a good show quality puppy to a pet home may be more interested in money than his or her breeding program. By the same token, puppies from very good stock tend to be very nice representatives of the breed and the chances are that you will not be able to tell the difference between the’pet’ puppies and the ‘show’ puppies. The differences may be so subtle as to be invisible to the untrained eye. The breeder should be willing to show you and explain what makes a particular puppy a pet and you can make your own decision about how important those faults are.
For a more in depth coverage of what is meant by ‘pet’ and ‘show’ quality, just click here.
I JUST WANT A NICE FAMILY PET. WHY SHOULD I BUY FROM A BREEDER WHO SHOWS DOGS?
Every puppy bred and raised by a responsible breeder has had the same careful attention to its background and health as has the potential Best-in-Show puppy. More than likely it will come with elaborate instructions for its care, some sort of guarantee of its hips and eyes, a life-long commitment of advice and assistance from the breeder, and very likely an assurance from the breeder that it will always have a home if the buyer must give it up at some point in its life.
I SAW A PHOTO OF A SAMOYED AND I THINK I WANT ONE. WHAT DO I NEED TO DO?
The first thing you need to do is to actually meet some Sams and find out for sure if it is the right dog for you. Try to find a local Samoyed club or a dog show and meet some breeders who will allow you to come and see their dogs in their home environment. Most of us are more than happy to spend time showing off our dogs and talking about them with prospective puppy buyers.
You can also read more about the breed on the Samoyed Club of America site.
HOW DO I GO ABOUT FINDING A GOOD PUPPY?
So that you will be on the same page as the breeders you talk to, here is some terminology to be aware of:
Champion lines simply means that there are several champions in the pedigree on both sides.
Champion sired means the obvious
Ch. sire and dam means both have completed (‘finished’) their American Kennel Club Championships.
It is not at all uncommon to find bitches being bred before they have finished their championships as they are in and out of coat so much that to wait to breed them until they get all those points can take a long time. Many dogs also have Canadian and/or Mexican Championships as well.
UKC (United Kennel Club) championships are somewhat suspect, although some people who just can’t get enough of dog shows do compete in both AKC and UKC shows. Any dog that has received an AKC championship should be able to get a UKC one very easily.
Of as much importance, you will want to know that both parents (and grandparents, etc.) are certified clear of hip dysplasia by OFA (Orthopedic Foudation for Animals) as well as that they have a current CERF (Canine Eye Registry Foundation) number. Many breeders also do thyroid checks and elbow X-rays, both of which can have OFA numbers. Do not be afraid to ask to see copies of these certifications (or the originals, if you are visiting the breeder).
HOW OLD SHOULD OUR PUPPY BE WHEN WE TAKE IT HOME?
I doubt you will find anyone (who knows what they are doing) to sell you a 6 week old puppy, and you may have trouble finding one that is 7 wks. although that is considered by some obedience people to be the optimum age to bond with an owner. The days when puppies were weaned at 5 or 6 weeks and placed in new homes immediately is long gone. We now know how important it is for puppies to remain with the mother and the litter long enough to learn how to be a dog before they go to a new home. It is also now illegal many places to sell puppies before 8 wks of age, although I doubt anyone runs around checking on that. In addition, most breeders are breeding dogs for a specific purpose (show, sledding, obedience, etc. ) and will not want to let puppies go until they are old enough to make an educated guess as to which ones will be suitable for their activity. Most puppies will be ready to go to know homes by the time they are 8 weeks old.
WHY CAN’T I GET A PUPPY FOR CHRISTMAS?
Many breeders are reluctant to let puppies go at Christmas time as it is a busy and confusing time to bring a puppy in to the household. But, they will usually hold your puppy for you and perhaps give you a photo to put under the tree on Christmas day. Just don’t be surprised if someone refuses to let you take it home Christmas Eve!
However, the major cause of breeders’ reluctance is that a disproportionate number of Christmas puppies wind up in dog pounds. This is perhaps related to the difference in committment between choosing to buy a dog for yourself, with all of its obligations, and receiving one as a surprise gift. And, unfortunately, the truth of the matter is that a lot of Christmas puppy buys are influenced more by the impulse of gift giving than by the deliberate examinination that must be part of deciding whether or not to have a dog share someone’s life.
Admittedly this reluctance to sell Christmas puppies is unfortunate when your serious thinking about deciding to buy a dog coincides with the Christmas holidays, but you can understand the source of the breeder’s concern.
WHAT CAN I EXPECT TO PAY FOR A HEALTHY PUPPY?
Average rices on puppies vary from one part of the country to another and even, sometimes, from one part of a state to another. Puppy prices in a given area should be similar for all puppies from X-rayed clear stock being sold with contracts and guarantees but they can vary as much as $100 to $300 from breeder to breeder.
Pet puppies are generally less than show quality puppies although show quality puppies may come with other options like a co-ownership with the breeder, a puppy back to the breeder from the first litter, etc. To learn more about what is meant by pet and show puppies, just go to what I wrote about the subject.
Responsible breeders are much more concerned about finding the best homes for their puppies than with how much money they get. However, it does cost a lot of money to do a good job of raising top quality dogs, so you should not be looking for bargain basement prices from a serious breeder. If you add up what this person has spent on purchasing good breeding stock, feeding, vet care, stud fee, hip X-rays, eye checks, checking for other genetic abnormalities, vet care for the puppies (shots, deworming, etc.) it is easy to see how it all adds up. And that’s assuming all went well and there was no emergency C-section required or preemie puppies to hand raise!
In our Washington D.C. are, you can expect to pay between $700 and $1000 for a puppy. You might find a pet for slightly less, and you could certainly pay more for a top show prospect., but that should give you an idea of the range.
The best bargains, by the way, are to be found in a rescue dog. They aren’t puppies, but they are loving Samoyeds.
DO THEY SHED?
Yes! For a bit more information, see ‘grooming’ below.
HOW OFTEN MUST THEY BE BATHED?
Not as often as you would think unless they are always rolling in disgusting things. Of course, dogs that are showing must be bathed regularly and before each show to keep them in good condition. I consider ‘regularly’ to be once a month, however many people will say once a week. You must find the line between so much bathing that the coat becomes damaged and so little that you cannot get the dog clean easily. However, they MUST be groomed regularly.
HOW OFTEN SHOULD THEY BE GROOMED?
At least once a week. Not difficult. Brush one side one night while you watch TV, and do the other side the next night. Only when the dog is ‘blowing coat’ do you need to brush and comb every day. Then it is a must or you will smother in dog hair. Included in grooming is regular clipping of the nails and brushing the teeth.
For more information about grooming, see Debbie Bairds’s pages about the subject.
WHAT CAN I DO ABOUT FLEAS?
Unfortunately, the Frontline and others of its ilk only kill the fleas on the dogs (and perhaps, only when they bite, I’m not sure about that). They do not keep the fleas off, so as long as fleas are in the house they can continue to jump on the dogs. The best solution is a combination of Frontline to kill the fleas that are there and Program to prevent them from reproducing.
However, for those of us who are breeders, that doesn’t work, as Program seems to interfere with doggie reproduction . It is the best long-term solution for dogs that aren’t being bred, but all the dogs in the household must be on it for it to work. (and any cats!) If even one is not, then any fleas that drop off that dog are fertile and they just lay their eggs and keep the cycle going! You will want to treat the enviornment (vacumn, spray with flea stuff and vacumn some more). Brewer’s yeast and garlic on the dog’s food can reduce fleas on the dogs, but will not remove them from the enviornment.
ARE SAMS GOOD WITH CHILDREN?
As a rule, they are excellent with children. Not all Sams are crazy about children, but one that isn’t at least tolerant of them would be very uncharacteristic of the breed. I would say over all a bitch is more likely to actually enjoy babies and small children, but most Sams are willing to put up with their attentions at least for awhile.
HOW ARE SAMS WITH OTHER ANIMALS?
Most Sams can learn to get along fine with other animals, however, they ARE a northern breed, and have been known to view anything other than another Sam as ‘prey’. Some are more feral than others and may never learn not to chase the cat or eat the chickens. Most, however, are quite gentle with their own animals. They can and are, after all, used to herd ducks and sheep .
How well they do with other dogs depends tremendously on the personality of the Sam and the personalty of the other dog. Male Sams tend to be a little belligerent as they hit puberty, and I can’t guarantee that one would get along with an adult male. Much depends on the personality of the dogs involved. Two dominant dogs are going to fight until one is dead or in charge. More submissive dogs may get along fine. I never count on males getting along with each other after they reach adulthood, but a male and female should be fine together (or a male and several females). Sammy puppies are fairly boisterous and play very rough so that could be a problem initially for an older or much smaller dog.
ARE THEY GOOD WATCH DOGS? DO THEY BARK?
Yes, they love to watch (kidding!). They will usually warn you of approaching strangers, but are not aggressive dogs and should not be counted on to physically defend your property. You personally, maybe.
Yes, they do bark – and whine and howl and ‘talk’. I would not expect an indoor Sam to bark very much, but one that is confined to the yard can be very vocal.
CAN I LEAVE MY SAM LOOSE IN THE YARD?
The Samoyed people were nomadic. Their dogs tend to be the same. Only the very young and very old (and infirm) can be trusted to stay in an unfenced yard.
Sams are easily bored and will go looking for something to do if left to their own devices. Alas, no everything they chose to do to relieve the boredom will be acceptable to your neighbors. In addition, of course, it the danger to themselves.
Sams are easily stolen as they all love to ride in cars and be petted by strangers. And, no matter how smart or ‘savvy’ the dog, he does NOT understand the laws of physics nor how quickly a car going 65 mph will reach the spot he is standing.
WHAT IS THE BEST PLACE TO LEAVE MY DOG WHEN I’M NOT THERE?
The safest place to leave a dog outside when you are not with it is a chain link dog run. It should be at least 6 ft tall and can be covered if the dog is a climber. It need not be terribly big as long as you are not planning to leave the dog in it 24X7. He will need shade, shelter, water and toys. It should also have an easily cleaned, dig proof surface. Ideally, you will be keeping him with you as much as possible. A regular fence (chain link, pickets, boards with wire behind them) around the yard will be adequate for most situations, but will not hold a determined Sam for more than a few minutes if he or she wants to leave.
MUST I HAVE A FENCED YARD?
A fenced yard or not is not really the issue with Sams – the issue is that they are not stay-at-home dogs and therefore must be safely confined somewhere while you are away. A fenced yard is absolutely no guarantee that your dog will be there when you come home after eight hours. Sams are excellent diggers, jumpers and climbers and they get easily bored when left alone. That boredom can translate into destructive behavior very easily in the house or yard, especially if the dog is bright and energetic as most Sams are.
IS A SAM THE RIGHT DOG FOR ME?
What you really need to decide is do you have time in your life for something that will be happiest as your constant companion? And that is going to depend a great deal on where and at what you wind up working (long commute? tiring work? etc) and where and how you live (active social life? dogs allowed in apartment or house? etc.)
It is not fair to a dog for you to leave it early in the morning, come home, take it for a run, and then go back out for several hours every evening. Unless you have a doggy day care place (these are becoming more and more common) near you and you can afford it, your ability to go places and do things is going to be seriously limited by the fact that you have a living creature that is depending on you for companionship as well as food, drink and exercise.
For more information to help you make this decision, the Samoyed Club of America’s web site has a section devoted to answering questions about the breed.
CAN I KEEP A SAM IN AN APARTMENT?
You can have a Sam in an apartment – but you must have someplace safe to leave the puppy (and maybe well into adulthood, depending on the dog) while you are gone all day. A crate will work of course, but I don’t like the idea of crating dogs all day long (although many people do it).
Someone to come in and let the dog out at least once during the day would be very good – in fact, necessary for young puppies as they cannot ‘hold it’ for more than a couple of hours at a time when they are very young. You will also have to be sure your dog is not barking while you are gone.
Only you can decide if you have the time and energy to make this work. Your dog will require a lot of your time when you get home and will need at least one good long walk or run per day to keep it from getting fat and bored.
I’VE HEARD SAMS ARE HARD TO TRAIN. IS THAT TRUE?
Again, we are looking at personality differences between dogs. The first thing to understand is that they are working dogs. The idea that the breed could have developed if it had an aversion to being trained is ludicrous. Very often the problem is the owner/trainer, not the dog. Sams are very intelligent (as a rule–we have, however, owned a couple of the rare exceptions) and learn very quickly. That means they also get bored quickly and too much drilling in a particular exercise can have the opposite affect from what you were hoping.
They are not ‘windup toy’ dogs like Shelties or Poodles, nor are they as submissive as German Shephard Dogs, so you will not often get that same level of instant obedience. However, they can learn what ever you care to teach them (and probably some things you will wish you hadn’t) and they can be expected to conduct themselves with good manners both at home and in public.
This belief that Sams are hard to train is one of our pet peeves. To read more, got to our Musings page.
SHOULD I HIRE SOMEONE TO TRAIN MY DOG?
No! You must learn to train your dog. And you dog must learn to work for and with you. Try to find a basic obedience class near your home and enroll in it. Most obedience clubs also offer puppy classes to get new owners and their puppies off on the right foot. Check the classes out before you join.
If the instructor indicates he or she doesn’t like to train northern dogs, or doesn’t think they can be trained, RUN for the nearest exit and look for another class.
And watch out for trainers that have an over-reliance on food to train. Food is very useful to shape behavior. An example is teaching the sit by scooping the dog’s rear while at the same time raising their head up by slowly moving a treat up over their head. Shaping means that you are getting the dog’s muscles, nerves and brain to associate the command ‘sit’ with a sequence of muscular movement.
Over-reliance occurs when the food moves from shaping to rewared. Reward should not be giving the dog a treat after each successful obedience to a command–particularly for a Samoyed, a breed that wants a close association with you, it’s Alpha (hopefully) partner.
What a Sammy responds to is recognition, not reward–praise and happiness, not food. The pack bonding is the link, not the food. For the effects of food training on obedience competition, see my article, The Dangers of Training With Food.
Look for a trainer who understands this.
WILL NUETERING MAKE MY DOG BEHAVE BETTER?
Nuetering is not the magic pill that vets would like to think it is, but it will settle him down a little and perhaps remove some of the incentive to roam.
MY SEVEN MONTH OLD SAMMY HAS TWICE BITTEN MY DAUGHTER WHEN SHE TRIED TO TAKE SOMETHING AWAY FROM THE DOG (ONCE IT WAS TUG-OF-WAR WITH A BLANKET), THE DOG HAS BARED HER TEETH AT ME WHEN I WAS REALLY ANGRY AT HER FOR PEEING ON A RUG. MY TRAINER HAS SUGGESTED THAT I GIVE THE DOG AN IMMEDIATE “TIME OUT” IN HER CRATE TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM. THAT HASN’T CHANGED THINGS. ALL OF THE PUPPY TRAINING WE’VE BEEN GOING TO HAS BEEN WITH FOOD–SHE’LL WORK FOR FOOD, BUT NOT IF IT ISN’T PRESENT.
You may be able to do some remedial work here, but I suspect you will need some professional (not necessarily paid professional, but someone experienced and willing to help) help to correct the problems. And I would strongly suggest that help come from a trainer who realizes dogs are not children and that ‘time outs’ for a dog do not correct behavior. More on that below.
It is not uncommon for adolescent dogs to test their owners to see who is in charge. It is more common in male puppies, but bitches can be very dominant also. Unfortunately, when that happens, the response needs to be immediate and in “dog” language.
A time-out might work for a human toddler, but it means nothing to a dog. With a puppy, generally a grab of the scruff of the neck and a shake while you say “no” very loud and with as deep a voice as possible (you want to sound like you are growling) is the best response. However, as you have never disciplined a dog and the puppy is 7 mo. old and getting big, I’m not sure I want to be the one to tell you try this on your own. I would prefer you found a better obedience instructor/class so that any corrections you have to make would be supervised. Also, contrary to what people would like to believe about dogs, very rarely do they consider children to even be in the contest for boss, so your daughter should not be the one to attempt discipline at this point nor should your daughter be attempting to take things out of the dog’s mouth. This is a job for the adults in the household.
You don’t say what the item was. I am assuming it was not food, so this was obviously a case of her thinking “it’s mine and I’m not giving it up”. The blanket situation sounds like it might have been an accident. One of the consequences of playing tug of war with cloth items is that sometimes the dog misses the item and gets the hand. If it was on purpose, then the puppy clearly has no respect for your daughter and should not be allowed to play roughly with her -or to play at all without close adult supervision. Since she was able to bite twice (not really typical for Sam, especially a bitch, but I suspect all the “positive” training has given her no reason to think she can’t get away with whatever she wants.) without any repercussions, she figured you could probably be intimidated also and bared her teeth at you.
You don’t say how you got her into the crate for the time out, but since you obviously didn’t get bitten while doing it she must have some respect for you. It’s too late now, but your immediate, outraged reaction to her having the nerve to bare her teeth at you should have been to pick her up by the hair/skin on either side of her neck and shake her.
A backhand across her muzzle might be some people’s reaction- but hitting dogs is not a good idea. It means nothing to them until they learn to fear it, and can turn even good tempered dogs into biters as they become wary of hands. (A caveat to this whole section is that if you were really very angry about the peeing, she may have bared her teeth in fright without really intending to challenge you. There is no way for me to judge that from here, you will have to review the situation and ask yourself if that is a possibilty. If so, then your reaction needs to be different from what I am advocating for a too-big-for-her-britches puppy, for if fear triggered the behavior, causing more won’t solve the problem.
But if it is a just too-big-for-her-britches puppy, consider what a mother dog does. If you have ever seen her disciplining her puppies you will see that positive reinforcement (such as food) or treating the pup as a human child (time out) is not on her agenda! If a puppy commits a transgression (say they are playing and the mother wants to quit and the puppy won’t stop biting her tail or something) mother will utter a ferocious growl and pin the puppy to the ground with her mouth. Or she might grab the puppy in her mouth and shake it. No actually harm is done – she doesn’t bite hard, if at all, but it becomes very clear, very quickly that she is not pleased with the behavior. That is what you need to be going for. An immediate, scary (but not harmful) response that leaves no doubt that what the puppy did was inexcusable. The experts tell us we have a maximum of, I believe, 3 or 4 seconds in which to make a correction that will actually be associated in the dog’s mind with the behavior that preceded it, so IMMEDIATE is a key word here. That’s why the idea of a time out is so ridiculous. I read this to my husband and he just roared (then he wanted to know the trainer’s name)! There are some excellent books on dog training by a woman called Carol Lea Benjamin that we recommend highly. The one you need now is called Mother Knows Best, but any of hers you can find would be useful. Another that excellently covers such situations is The Art of Raising a Puppy by the Monks of New Skeete. Both are available from Amazon.com. We have a link to them on our Getting Started page that donates money to the International Wildlife Fund if you order using that link (and, rest assured, the link doesn’t send any money back to us as part of the deal).
DO SAMS NEED A LOT OF EXERCISE?
Most do, at least until they get past middle age. There are some couch potatoes, but even those dogs will require some regular exercise. A healthy Sam would make a good jogging companion once it is grown, especially if you jog off concrete at least part of the time.
IF YOU HAVE A QUESTION THAT WASN’T COVERED HERE, PLEASE E-MAIL US.